PMID:2981814

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Citation

Andrews, JC and Short, SA (1985) Genetic analysis of Escherichia coli oligopeptide transport mutants.J. Bacteriol. 161:484-92

Abstract

The composition of the outer membrane channels formed by the OmpF and OmpC porins is important in peptide permeation, and elimination of these proteins from the Escherichia coli outer membrane results in a cell in which the primary means for peptide permeation through this cell structure has been lost. E. coli peptide transport mutants which harbor defects in genes other than the ompF/ompC genes have been isolated on the basis of their resistance to toxic tripeptides. The genetic defects carried by these oligopeptide permease-negative (Opp-) strains were found to map in two distinct chromosomal locations. One opp locus was trp linked and mapped to the interval between att phi 80 and galU. Complementation studies with F'123 opp derivatives indicated that this peptide transport locus resembles that characterized in Salmonella typhimurium as a tetracistronic operon (B. G. Hogarth and C. F. Higgins, J. Bacteriol. 153:1548-1551, 1983). The second opp locus, which we have designated oppE, was mapped to the interval between dnaC and hsd at 98.5 min on the E. coli chromosome. The differences in peptide utilization, sensitivity and resistance to toxic peptides, and the L-[U-14C]alanyl-L-alanyl-L-alanine transport properties observed with these Opp-E. coli strains demonstrated that the transport systems encoded by the trp-linked opp genes and by the oppE gene(s) have different substrate preferences. Mutants harboring defects in both peptide transport loci defined in this study would not grow on nutritional peptides except for tri-L-methionine, were totally resistant to toxic peptides, and would not actively transport L-[U-14C]alanyl-L-alanyl-L-alanine.

Links

PubMed

Keywords

Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins; Biological Transport; Escherichia coli; Mutation; Oligopeptides; Porins

Main Points of the Paper

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Materials and Methods Used

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Phenotype Annotations

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Phenotype of Taxon Information Genotype Information (if known) Condition Information OMP ID OMP Term Name ECO ID ECO Term Name Notes Status

a mutation or genetic difference within a strain

  • Taxon: Escherichia coli
  • Strain: K-12
  • Substrain:
  • NCBI Taxon ID: 83333
  • Genotype of Reference Strain: oppE
  • Genotype of Experimental Strain : oppE -
  • Reference Condition:
OMP:0000276

increased resistance to antibiotics

ECO:0000182

in vitro culture assay data

tetracycline resistant

a mutation or genetic difference within a strain

  • Taxon: Escherichia coli
  • Strain: K-12
  • Substrain:
  • NCBI Taxon ID: 83333
  • Genotype of Reference Strain: oppE
  • Genotype of Experimental Strain : oppE
  • Reference Condition:

Resistant to tripeptides


Notes

References

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